At the 21st anniversary of the opening of the detention facility, 35 men are still detained in Guantánamo.
Thirty-five men still languish at Guantánamo, twenty-three of whom have never been charged with a crime. Twenty of the men have been cleared for release by unanimous decision of every U.S. government agency with a significant national security function.
Many of the remaining men are torture survivors, some formerly disappeared at CIA “black sites” before being sent to Guantánamo. Others were tortured at Guantánamo, where interrogators brutalized detainees in a wide variety of ways. Some men were literally treated like animals: strapped in dog collars, led around on leashes and forced to perform tricks. One female interrogator wiped what she told a detainee was menstrual blood on his face. Men were stripped naked and otherwise sexually humiliated. They were forcibly groomed, shackled in stress positions and subjected to extreme temperatures. They were sensory and sleep deprived. They were threatened with death.
The consequences of this torture have been profound, and in some cases caused serious harm from which the survivors will never fully recover. All of the men still captive at Guantánamo have been exposed to the physical and psychological trauma associated with prolonged indefinite detention. The harmful effects of such detention are less well known, and can include:
The men at Guantánamo are also aging rapidly under the weight of indefinite detention, and increasingly exhibiting complex medical conditions that staff at Guantánamo are not equipped to manage. These include strokes, severe heart disease, kidney failure and myriad significant mental health conditions—including suicidality (which is already an issue for multiple detainees). Indeed, for example, one man in his 60s has required six spine-related surgeries and is largely confined to a wheelchair, and another has been described by his doctor as “one of the most severely traumatized individuals I have ever seen.”
One independent medical expert has said recently “If the problems [with medical care at Guantánamo] aren’t addressed and Guantánamo remains open, I’m very concerned that men will begin to die.”